Zare (1926), the first Kurdish flick, try produced in the new Soviet Relationship by the Armenkino, this new Soviet Armenian movie studio

Zare (1926), the first Kurdish flick, try produced in the new Soviet Relationship by the Armenkino, this new Soviet Armenian movie studio

Regrettably to own Zare and you may Saydo, they want to endeavor for their like facing an effective licentious bek (local good), an effective corrupt tsarist Russian bureaucracy, and you may local public patriarchy

According to the 1926 Soviet Census, 72% of populace was Kurds, although many talked Azerbaijani Tatar since their first code. Brand new uezd was abolished in 1929 near to other Azerbaijani uezds, however, is briefly renewed in 1930 because Kurdistan Okrug, ahead of getting split into areas. In the after that years, the newest Kurds associated with region were absorbed on Azerbaijani people, if you are other Azerbaijani Kurds was deported by Soviet government in order to Main China less than Stalin into the 1937.

The film is brought from the Amo Bek-Nazaryan regarding time of your Soviet The fresh Financial Policy (NEP), and that noticed the rise away from avant-garde film makers such as Sergei Eisenstein. Bek-Nazaryan acknowledged Eisenstein’s Battleship Potemkin (1925), create a-year prior to. “Within his wonderful motion picture,” had written Bek-Nazaryan, “Eisenstein boldly used not simply stars, and also someone in the past maybe not associated with movies or cinema, however, whose appearance fulfill their visual sight… Inside Zare, I happened to be forced to carry out the same.” The film stays an old out-of Kurdish cinema.

In 1941, wartime allies Great britain and Soviet Connection occupied Iran to safer essential Allied supply outlines. Iranian leader Reza Shah, whom harbored sympathies with the Axis Efforts, was overthrown by the Allies with his boy, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, was put on the throne. Iran stayed filled during the course of the battle, into the USSR occupying new north 1 / 2 of the nation and you may Britain the fresh southern 1 / 2 of.

At the conclusion of the battle, Moscow refused to get-off the zone off dictate and you may started initially to sponsor breakaway republics inside Iranian Azerbaijan and Iranian Kurdistan. Aforementioned republic try mainly based at the Mahabad in 1946. Qazi Mohammad offered as its president, and you will Mustafa Barzani, the latest Kurdish rebel commander from Iraq, served as its Minister out of Battle. The euphoria associated with Kurdish republic is actually quick-existed. Stalin withdrew assistance after Moscow secure oils concessions in the Western. The fresh Mahabad republic are subsequently floor of the Tehran.

Immediately following Tehran retook Mahabad, Mustafa Barzani and his awesome supporters escaped northern, along side Aras River, to your Soviet Transcaucasia inside Summer 1947. Truth be told there it involved with education and you can Barzani learned proficient Russian. Initially managed of the Soviet Azerbaijan, Barzani had a disagreement that have Soviet Azerbaijani chief Mir Jafar Bagirov, a virtually ally off Lavrentiy Beria, who made an effort to manage Barzani along with his supporters. These people were moved by the Moscow so you can Soviet Uzbekistan when you look at the 1948. not, the group did not eliminate Bagirov’s wrath and were spreading during the Soviet Union.

Reunited into the 1951, its problem increased considerably adopting the deaths of Stalin and you may Beria within the 1953. Barzani exposed to Nikita Khrushchev, who was simply apparently pleased to the Kurdish sites de rencontre de joueurs gratuits commander, and then he decided to go to the newest Frunze Army Academy. Profoundly appreciative out-of Moscow’s guidelines, the brand new Barzanis gone back to Iraq within the 1958. Moscow still have a relations with the Barzanis, in addition to Barzani’s boy, Masoud, previous chairman out-of Iraqi Kurdistan.

It’s regarding an early Yazidi Kurdish lady, Zare, and her fascination with this new shepherd Saydo towards the eve out of the fresh Russian Trend

Photo away from Kurdish listeners regarding Broadcast Yerevan, 1955. (Visualize from author’s individual range, courtesy of Dr. Jalile Jalil and you will Zeri Inanc.)

The latest Soviet Union starred a vital role in preserving Kurdish culture. Regarding drive towards mass literacy, Kurds and you will Yazidis within the Soviet Armenia discovered the code in about three alphabets – earliest Armenian, following Latin, last but most certainly not least Cyrillic. Armenia became a major heart getting Kurdish-language books, like the newspaper Riya Taze (This new Roadway) and many kid’s courses. The first Kurdish ilov, was composed from inside the Yerevan into the 1935.

About The Author

Related posts

Leave a Reply

نشانی ایمیل شما منتشر نخواهد شد.